A review process is a concise written report of critical and comprehensive evaluation of research or professional papers submitted for publication in a journal. The primary purpose of review is to provide the editor/editorial board of a scientific journal with the valid information in order to reach a decision whether or not a related manuscript is eligible for publication based on the criteria and terms established to improve the scientific or professional quality of the manuscript. Peer review also provides argumentative criticisms and suggestions to authors on how to improve scientific validity and technical quality of their manuscripts. Reviews are anonymous.
Being a quality control device, peer review increases capacity for quality measurement and improvement of the overall value and importance of the submitted work. It helps prevent plagiarism in journals and ensure the compliance with relevant international and national standards set for scholarly publishing, in particular scientific and professional writing and publishing.
Reviewers use three guidance documents in peer review. Author Guidelines and Technical Guidelines, which are available on the journal’s website, provide guidance for both authors and reviewers on how best to write and evaluate the paper's quality and suitability for publication. Reviewers verify and confirm that the paper fully complies with the rules defined in the journal’s Author Guidelines and Technical Guidelines.
A reviewer's report form (Review Form) is provided as a standardized reference system for the evaluation of the submitted work. Peer reviewers evaluate general scientific or professional quality of the manuscript (Section I), classify it (Section II) and give recommendations to the journal’s Editor/Editorial Board whether to publish the paper and under what conditions (Section III). Peer reviewers also write narrative reviews to authors making suggestions on how to improve the quality and value of their manuscripts, and identify any technical errors that need correcting before publication (Section IV).
Text classification is done according to the following definitions:
Research Paper is an original scientific paper in which new results of basic or applied research are presented using scientific methods. Research Paper offers new, unknown scientific facts and findings which make a valuable contribution to overall scientific knowledge. The applied scientific methods should be described in sufficient detail to permit another research to be repeated and the established facts checked.
Review Paper is different from Research Paper as it does not usually involve substantial original (new) research. Review Paper contains a complete description of a particular research problem by collecting, analyzing, summarizing and scientifically presenting previously published research and findings/concepts in a new way. In other words, Review Paper is a new synthesis of information derived from the review of the latest scientific literature in a particular subject area.
Preliminary Report or Short Communication is an original research of unusual or preliminary findings from a small-scale study. This category of research work also contains one or more pieces of scientific information but fails to provide reliable or sufficient information which would allow readers to verify previously published scientific literature, research results and scientific information.
In order to be classified as research paper suitable for publication, it must be assessed positively by at least two independent referees.
Professional Paper does not contain any new, original scientific knowledge, results and concepts. Instead, it includes past research and observations that are already known and described. The main task of an author of professional paper is to gather and interpret already known scientific knowledge, facts, information and concepts that can be applied in practice. Namely, professional paper offers experiences which are useful for improving professional practice, but which are not necessarily based on the scientific method.
Criticisms, book reviews, polemics, interviews etc. are classified as "None of the above" in the journal’s section, along with a proposal to the Editor/Editorial Board to publish them or not and the argumentative explanation in Section IV.
A completed Review Form should be sent by email to the journal’s Editor-in-Chief.